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Global monitoring

Global monitoring plan

Global monitoring plan for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is an important component of the effectiveness evaluation of the Stockholm Convention and provides a harmonized organizational framework for the collection of comparable monitoring data on the presence of POPs, in order to identify changes in their concentration over time, as well as to provide information on their regional and global environmental transport.

The collection of data and information, including on capacity enhancement and the development of regional monitoring, falls under the responsibility of regional organization groups[31]  in each of the five UN regions. A global coordination group [32] oversees the implementation of the global monitoring plan across the regions and the development of the global monitoring report.

The first stage of the global monitoring plan was completed in 2009, when the first regional monitoring reports [33] were presented at the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties. The reports contained baseline information on POPs concentration in core matrices and data on its changes over time.

A guidance document on the global monitoring plan has been created to support comparability and consistence in monitoring results, including guidelines for collection, analysis and reporting of information and data. The guidance document [34] includes information on the sampling and analysis of the newly listed POPs and, together with the implementation plan[35] , sets the basis for harmonized monitoring activities within the framework of the global monitoring plan.

A database for the Global monitoring plan [36]  (GMP) has been established. Its main goal is to collect comparable, consistent and reliable information on POPs concentration in core matrices (ambient air; human body tissue, like breast milk and blood; water).

This database consists of two parts. The first – GMP1[37]  – provides a review of information available in the first set of regional monitoring reports on POPs levels in the environment until 2008 inclusive, focusing on initial 12 POPs. The second part of the database is the Global monitoring plan data warehouse[38] : an online tool to store and visualise data on the POPs levels in core matrices until 2014 inclusive where available.

The new initiative established in 1992[39]  of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) prepared the Protocol on POPs in 1998 which defined the objective to control, reduce or eliminate any discharges, emissions and losses of POPs. In 2001 a similar initiative of the UN Environmental Programme was introduced in cooperation with the International Forum on Chemical Safety (UNEP/IFCS). The agencies have acknowledged that an inventory of current POPs concentration across ecological zones and the assessment of its changes over time is needed as an important tool to control POPs.

In the Russian Federation, the state environmental monitoring is conducted by the Federal Office for hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring (Roshydromet[310] ).

Other monitoring programmes for POPs include:

  • European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP[311] )
  • Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) and Northern contaminants programme (NCP)[312] 
  • Norwegian Arctic and Antarctic stations[313] 
  • Toxic organic micro pollutants networks (TOMPs)[314] 
  • Monitoring Network in the Alpine region for persistent and other organic pollutants (MONARPOP[315] )
  • Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network (IADN[316] )
  • National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS[317] ), Canada
  • Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS[318] ) Network
  • Monitoring Network for POPs in ambient air with the use of polyurethane foam passive air samplers (MONET[319] )

Sampling sites currently operating under existing air monitoring programmes for POPs

 

 

 


 [31]http://chm.pops.int/Implementation/GlobalMonitoringPlan/Implementation/tabid/179/Default.aspx

 

 [32]Документ UNEP-POPS-GMP-LIST-GCGmembers.En

 [33]http://chm.pops.int/Implementation/GlobalMonitoringPlan/MonitoringReports/tabid/525/Default.aspx

 [34]Документ UNEP-POPS-COP.6-INF-31.English

 

 [35]Документ UNEP-POPS-COP.6-INF-31-Add.2.English

 [36]http://pops-gmp.org/

 [37]http://pops-gmp.org/index.php?pg=gmp1

 [38]http://pops-gmp.org/index.php?pg=gmp-data-warehouse

 [39] [39]По материалам сайта http://www.bj.undp.org

 

 [310]Ссылка Росгидромет

 

 [311]Ссылка ЕМЕР

 [312]Ссылка АМАР

 [313]Ссылка Норвежские станции

 

 [314]Ссылка TOMPS

 

 [315]Ссылка MONARPOP

 

 [316]Ссылка IADN [316]

 

 [317]Ссылка NAPS

 [318]Ссылка GAPS [318]

 [319]Ссылка MONET