Monitoring of POPs
The parties to the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants have agreed that a common mechanism to evaluate the progress in achieving the Convention goals is needed. According to Article 16 of the Convention, evaluation shall be conducted 4 years after the Convention has come into power, and then at intervals determined by the Conference of the parties (CP). Each evaluation shall include three elements:
- Reports and other information on ecological monitoring in accordance with part 2 of Article 16;
- National reports in accordance with Article 15 (e.g. reports of the Parties on the measures taken and on their effectiveness);
- Information on non-compliance in accordance with Article 17.
At the Conference the parties have agreed to finish the first evaluation during the fourth meeting in 2009, and have agreed on the main methods of the first evaluation of ecological monitoring.
Based on the decisions of two seminars of the Expert group GMP, which took place in April and September 2010 in Geneva, an analysis of the chemicals in corresponding environments was recommended to be done.
In the Russian Federation, monitoring of environmental contamination caused by chemicals, including some of the POPs, is normally done within the state network of environmental monitoring of the Federal Office for hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring (Roshydromet). Monitoring data are published in the Annual evaluations of the state and contamination of the environment in the Russian Federation, based on the information collected within the monitoring network of Roshydromet and on the complex evaluations of specific cities and of local sources of POPs conducted within regional programs and international projects.